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GRAMMAR NOTES: THE SEQUENCE OF TENSES

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LSEG4: FRAGMENT OF THE SEQUENCE OF TENSES RULES




In a complex sentence, the time-frame of the action in subordinate clause is entirely dependent on the time-frame of the action expressed in hierarchically superior clause—main clause, in most instances. That dependency is named “the sequence of tenses”, and it requires a minimum of two related temporal-frames: each is needed to craft the complete form and the perfect meaning in a complex sentence.

LSEG4: IMPLEMENTATIONS OF THE SEQUENCE OF TENSES RULES





The sequence of tenses rules work as “general characteristics”. Despite the fact that Rules 2 and 3 are so restrictive, there are a few exceptions which allow us to express “any meaning”—though, within grammatical reasons.

LSEG4: EXCEPTIONS TO THE SEQUENCE OF TENSES



Normally, the rules presented in chapter CS6 of LSEG4, plus the additional exceptions, should be sufficient to express any meaning in fictional and non-fictional documents. However, English grammar is a little bit tricky; it happens that the next chapter, CS7 (Conditional Complex Sentence), presents a new sets of rules, plus other associated exceptions, that take precedence over the sequence of tenses!

LSEG4: ADITIONAL EXCEPTIONS TO THE SEQUENCE OF TENSES






Fragment from LSEG4: additional exceptions to the "Sequence of Tenses" rules (plus a few particular implementations).

FRAGMENT FROM L4EW






Fragment from L4EW: practical exercises of using the sequence of tenses.


LSEG 4TH EDITION
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A complete grammatical reference, very easy to learn: Logically Structured English Grammar 4—as theory plus exercises!

 
 
 
 
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