GRAMMAR NOTES: PHONETICS

GREEN LEAVES
Phonetics

The English language is fundamentally dependent on its Phonetics. That means, Phonetics plays an important role in determining the right form of the morphologic elements, and even in deciding on the meaning of our messages. In addition, as a branch of Grammar, Phonetics helps pronouncing the English words correctly, and the foreign one as well.

The globalization of our World comes with increased information exchange from one language to another. Since English is the international standard language, this implies that foreign names need to be translated into English phonetic sounds appropriately. Pronouncing foreign names correctly is a matter of consideration, respect, and it shows a good command of Phonetics—and of the English grammar as well.

In
LSEG4, Phonetics is presented only for its grammatical functionality, according to the following structure:

PH1: English Sounds
PH2: Vowels
PH3: Semi-Vowels
PH4: Consonants
PH5: Diphthongs and Triphthongs
PH6: Spelling the Alphabet
PH7: Pronouncing Foreign Names


ATTENTION
Particularly useful today is the fact that many English dictionaries come in an electronic format. Consequently, the readers may actually hear the pronunciation of the English words! However, we still need to know/use the international standard phonetic alphabet—presented in
LSEG4.

Unfortunately, most USA dictionaries use an "ad hoc"/"in house" method of writing phonetic sounds, unlike the UK dictionaries and unlike the international standard phonetic alphabet. Consequently,
in LSEG4 we advise the readers to purchase UK dictionaries for a correct phonetic representation. In the other side, the USA dictionaries are far more accurate on explaining technical words/terms.


ENGLISH SOUNDSIn order to use English appropriately, ESL students and native speakers as well need to know the "phonetic alphabet". "Phonetic symbols" correspond to the basic phonetic sounds, and they are always written between square brackets. For example, the phonetic sound [e] is the letter "e" from: "ten", "seven", "error", "lemon".

GREEN LEAF R
LSEG: consonants






Fragment from LSEG4: the group of non-pulmonic consonants.


THE ALPHABET SONG
Fragment from LSEG4: the modified version of the Little Alphabet Song. The mp3 song may be played and downloaded here, or using the audio control below.

This little song is the first step in learning English phonetics for ESL and native students alike. The modified version we present in LSEG4 is a lot easier to learn&remember.


SPELLING THE ALPHABET LETTERS



Fragment from LSEG, Appendix 2: three phonetic-codes commonly employed (in USA and in UK) to spell the letters of the  alphabet.


LSEG 4TH EDITION
RED LEAF L





A complete grammatical reference, very easy to learn: Logically Structured English Grammar 4—as theory plus exercises!

 
 
 
 
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Page last updated on: July 10, 2017
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