GRAMMAR NOTES: CONJUNCTIONS
The manner in which conjunctions are presented
“grammatically” today (in 2014) throughout the Internet, is . . .
bizarre, if not straightforward vulgar. Many “linguist scientists”
advise their students/readers to use the acronym “FANBOYS” in order to
remember working with conjunctions! However, that incredibly disgusting
stupidity is just some sick poetical fantasy; it has nothing to do with
“Conjunctions” have a complex binding functionality: conjunctions
tie together two similar morphologic/syntactic elements, or they link
two clauses in a complex sentence. Conjunction is the only morphologic
element that manages to preserve its functionality throughout all three
(different) grammatical domains: Morphology, Sentence Syntax, and
Complex Sentence Syntax. Conjunctions are very simple in form,
except their functionality is among the most complex in English grammar
[same as in any other language].
Relational associations set by conjunctions correspond (roughly) to
relational associations developed between the clauses of a complex
sentence. Although the diagram on left could seem rather complicated,
please note that conjunctional functionality is thoroughly explained in
Complex Sentence Syntax, part four in LSEG4.
The first major division of conjunctions is in:
Each major subcategory above is further sub-divided into many,
particularly important, sub-subcategories.
Coordinating conjunctions are discriminated in:
copulative/cumulative [particularly important, since they are
Subordinating conjunctions are further grouped in:
B1.2. of place;
B1.3. of time;
B1.4. of evolution.
B3.3. of objective
Due to their inherent complex functionality, it is very difficult to
structure conjunctions appropriately (based on their linking relations).
Note that conjunctional functionality works, to its fullest, only in
Complex Sentence Syntax: there is the place (in Grammar) where
conjunctional functionality starts making some logic sense.
L4EW: fragment of an exercise from chapter "Conjunctions".
A complete grammatical reference, very easy to learn: Logically Structured English Grammar 4—as theory plus exercises!