GRAMMAR NOTES: ARTICLES

LSEG4: ARTICLESGREEN LEAVES L




Particular to “articles” is the fact they are frequently misused in English, since their functionality is too little understood. Note that articles work (functionally and in meaning) in English exactly as they do in any other language; however, the morphologic forms the articles take are, naturally, specific to English (and to each language).

Overall, articles functional theory presented in
LSEG4 [again, not the concrete morphological form] is valid in any other language in the Universe.

LSEG4: ENGLISH ARTICLES
Many authors of grammar books consider articles as being determining adjectives, though the idea goes too far because, syntactically, adjectives are attributes. Articles have no syntactic function of their own: they take the same syntactic function as their determined nouns, meaning, articles are (part of) subjects, attributes, objects, or adverbials.

Note that articles have a remarkable quality: they are capable of transforming into nouns other morphologic elements (adjectives, adverbs, verbs) they accompany. In addition, articles are used to highlight the meaning of the accompanying noun in particular ways.

Commonly, the article is studied as being:
     1. definite
     2. indefinite
     3. missing


LSEG4: ARTICLES
In addition to being the most used morphologic element in English grammar, the article forms a perfectly defined grammatical category having complex morphologic and semantic functionalities.


LSEG4: READING ARTICLES

English grammar is strongly dependent on its Phonetics. For example, the definite article “the” is pronounced differently when it is positioned before a word starting with a consonant, or a vowel, although its written form is exactly the same in either instance. In other words, “phonetic agreement” plays an important role in English grammar.

LSEG4: USING ARTICLESRED LEAF L






Fragment from LSEG4: theory, examples, and ample comments about using articles.


L4EW: ARTICLE EXERCISESRED LEAF R





Fragment from L4EW: theoretical exercises on using articles.


L4EW: PRACTICAL ARTICLE EXERCISESRED LEAF L





Fragment from L4EW: using articles


LSEG 4TH EDITION
RED LEAF L





A complete grammatical reference, very easy to learn: Logically Structured English Grammar 4—as theory plus exercises!

 
 
 
 
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