GRAMMAR NOTES: ADVERBS


LSEG: verb clusterRED LEAVES L
The verb cluster comprises only two morphologic elements: the verb, and “the adverb”. However, the English verb is a true monster having many terrifying heads [alias “forms”, “time-frames”, and “meanings”], while the adverb is a most potent qualifier/ determiner in Grammar—this is, in any language. In general, adverbs are used to detail the meaning of the sentence.


LSEG: main categories of adverbs

In very many grammar books the adverb is “described” as being a “modifier” (same as some nouns, articles, a few adjectives, a few pronouns, prepositions, and . . . whatever). It appears the classic English grammar is not sufficient, lately, therefore the “modern” trend is to modify traditional English grammar based on “descriptive interpretations”!

In
LSEG4, English grammar is presented just as it is: a logic structure having precise and definite concepts, far away from any inspirational or mystic incantations.

Contextually, adverbs are used as:

1. adverbial particle (taken as a component in phrasal verbs);
2. qualifying adverbs;
3. determining adverbs.


Before anything else, it needs to be stressed as strongly as possible that adverbs are erroneously presented in most grammar books—and this is no laughing matter. The adverb is exactly the morphologic element that native speakers do not know how to control—well, not anymore. [As a result, learning English via conversation is not helping anybody achieve anything.]

Note that the English qualifying adverb takes 2 morphologic forms:

     A. the adjectival form;
     B. the adverbial form.

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In addition, there are a few rules of using each adverbial form but, unfortunately, English speakers have no idea about them lately. The mentioned rules were taught in schools about a century ago, when the only English grammar available was the classic, traditional one—the only proper grammatical reference.

Anyway, the morphologic adverb, syntactical adverbial, and adverbial clauses are presented in LSEG4 as never before in the entire history of Grammar: logic, complete, and according to their universal perspective—there must be a single Grammar for all languages in the Universe, remember? Not to mention that we also offer thousands of practical exercises in L4EW, so . . .
 

LSEG4: CATEGORIES OF ADVERBS



There are too many conventional “categories of adverbs”, therefore structuring them appropriately is far from being a pleasing walk in the park. Almost each grammar book implements a different structure of the adverbs, and that aspect is not very encouraging—this is, when striving to structure the adverbs logically, somehow.

The problem is, too many categories of adverbs complicate things unnecessarily, while too few could generate confusion. Therefore, the categories of adverbs presented in LSEG4 have been carefully selected to cover—sufficiently reasonable—all the necessary categories of adverbs.
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LSEG4: QUALIFYING AND DETERMINING ADVERBS

Attention: adverbs are chaotically structured in most grammar books! While working on LSEG, over the years, we have discovered professional/university grammar books in which are described no less than 28 categories and subcategories of qualifying adverbs!

It looks like linguists’ imagination knows no boundaries when it comes to interpreting/ discovering new subcategories of adverbs! However, that is not the way Grammar works.

LSEG4: FRAGMENT FROM CHAPTER ADVERBSThere is too much confusion about adverbs in most grammar books. It happens the linguists have searched and researched Grammar for about one century, trying to discover "a perfect parallel” between the adverbs in Morphology, adverbials in Sentence Syntax, and adverbial clauses in Complex Sentence Syntax.

Bad news: the mentioned parallel does not exist, and it cannot exist! On the other hand, this aspect is not a tragedy; on the contrary, it highlights as clear as daylight that Morphology, Sentence Syntax, and Complex Sentence Syntax are three different grammatical domains.

LSEG4: FRAGMENT FROM CHAPTER ADVERBS



Given their diversity, positioning adverbs is a true challenge. In LSEG4 are presented the most common rules.


L4EW: FRAGMENT OF AN EXERCISE FROM CHAPTER ADVERBS




L4EW: fragment of an exercise from chapter Adverbs.


L4EW: FRAGMENT OF AN EXERCISE FRON CHAPTER ADVERBSGREEN LEAF R







L4EW: fragment of an exercise from chapter Adverbs.


LSEG 4TH EDITION
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A complete grammatical reference, very easy to learn: Logically Structured English Grammar 4—as theory plus exercises!

 
 
 
 
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Page last updated on: February 04, 2017
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