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AMAZING ARTICLES #30: VOYNICH MANUSCRIPT

 

COROLLARY THEOREMS: "reality is never what it appears to be."

RED LEAF

Some things on our Planet are public-domain, meaning, they belong to all of us. Now, because those things belong to us all, they belong, in fact, to our entire Human Civilization. Wow! That is so nice!

In contrast, a bunch of rapacious individuals hide many cultural treasures in "private collections" driven by pride, greed, vanity, or whatever. That is a very, very uncivilized behavior only, what would you expect from such persons?

Anyway, those treasures that are public-domain can be admired and thoroughly analyzed by anybody who wants to do it. That is the true beauty about an object belonging to the public-domain: each of us can investigate the object, and we could share interesting observations. Possibly, even incredibly interesting observations!

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RED LEAF

One of the most intriguing mysteries of our Civilization is the Voynich Manuscript—VMS for short. Do not worry, because we are going to insert a few links where you can find out everything you want to know about VMS, and you can even download PDF pictures of its pages for your pleasure, and for your scientific curiosity. Even more, there are thousands of Internet sites where VMS is dissected and analyzed to the finest details, because it has stirred our imagination for quite some time.

Our intention, in this article, is to be very brief in describing the VMS object, because we do not want to repeat what other people have said, possibly, way better than we can do it. In addition, by keeping things simple, we hope the resulting Global Picture is a lot more clear.
 

Voynich 1The first thing that seems the most important about VMS is the paper used, and the inks. We couldn't find any data about these two issues, therefore we draw the conclusion they are just normal, terrestrial "things"; otherwise, everybody would have cried out loud. Perfect! The first conclusion is, VMS was written here, on Ter-Ra, using terrestrial paper and inks. Please note that we used the word "conclusion", not "assumption": this is due to the fact that we are certain the paper and the inks used are terrestrial.

The second important issue about VMS is the text: it belongs to a language that has no terrestrial connections, and we are not the first ones who say so. In fact, VMS has been analyzed for almost 400 years by the brightest linguists and cryptologists in the World, and their generally accepted conclusion is: there are absolutely no connections to any language known on Ter-Ra.

Sure, we still have plenty of time in the future, therefore many hope someone, someday, will be able to decipher at least one word from this famous VMS. You see, all terrestrial languages have a few common grammatical specifics; however, it looks like this nasty VMS doesn't obey to any of them. In addition, the scientists agree the language used is not a terrestrial-artificial one.

The third important aspect is the hand-writing: it is particularly nice! That tells us (and to many other scientists) that the persons who wrote VMS were well familiar with that strange (alien) hand-writing. Normally, it takes a minimum of 10 years of intense practice to master such a beautiful hand-writing. Yes, we said "persons", because there are 2 distinct hand-writings—although many suspect 5 more persons have added something to that document.

The fourth important issue, and the last one, are the pictures of plants in VMS. With 2 doubtful exceptions, all plants pictured in there in details are not from Ter-Ra! We saw those plants, and you are going to see them also. Please be aware that nobody on Ter-Ra can identify those plants—with 2 exceptions, as mentioned.
 

All right; that was everything we needed before drawing conclusions. Of, course there are many other interesting observations about VMS, including lots of speculations about the content of the text, about the meaning of the astronomical/cosmological pictures, and about the structure of the document in general, but we do not care about them—they are just too many, unnecessary details. As you can see, we limit our observations to only 4, in order to draw our conclusions, therefore to build the Global Picture we need.

Voynich 2The Global Picture is this: we have a manuscript written on Ter-Ra about 450 years ago, in an alien (extraterrestrial) language, containing pictures of plants that exist on other Planets only. During those days, nobody wasted, say, a minimum of 4 years of hard work to write such an elaborate document, unless it was really needed.

The first question is, "How could someone on Ter-Ra describe plants from other Planetary Systems?" Not to mention the hand-made pictures require the actual plant models, because that is a time consuming job. Besides, in those days everybody used natural models when drawing something. Does this mean that in 1550 somebody here on Ter-Ra was capable of (easily) accessing other Planetary Systems?

Given the fact the language used is unknown—after 400 years of fruitless investigations—and totally unrelated to any terrestrial one, we conclude the persons who wrote that book were extraterrestrial people living right here, on Ter-Ra. But, "Why did they need that document?" It is clear VMS was a working scientific document, not a literary one. That means, the people who worked with that book had fast access to those plants that can be found in other Planetary Systems, although those people lived right here, on Ter-Ra!
 

Note that the science we know today says that reaching other Planetary Systems is not possible for us—plain and simple. For example, the fastest speed we know is light-speed, but a spaceship cannot travel at that maximum speed. According to Einstein's Relativity Theorems, when closing to the speed of light, mass becomes infinite, time passes slower, and space is contracted. The thorny problem is the mass increase: both the human body and the construction materials we could use for building such a wonder ship cannot handle too much weight increase.

Practically—and according to our official science—a spaceship could travel at 1/10 light-speed without structural damages, and people could handle that speed. In that case, please note that it would take about 100 years for a trip to Alpha Centaury and back, and that is considering the most indulgent scenario, without taking into consideration the acceleration and deceleration time needed. In other words, that little trip to Alpha Centaury is not reasonably possible to us, not even if we manage to discover that fantastic engine capable of 1/10 light-speed, working continuously for 100 years.
GREEN LEAF L
On the other hand, this UFO problem is a permanent presence throughout the History of our Civilization, therefore it is logic to conclude that interstellar travel is possible, somehow. In fact, it is a lot easier to imagine that the science we know is primitive, and we work with bad Physics & Mathematics models. In this last instance, we could discover THERE IS something further down the atom, and that SPACE COULD BE obliterated.
 

Voynich 3To us, that is the simple logic conclusion that explains everything. However, people and the scientists want "evidences", "repeatable experiments", "terrestrial applications" and so on. There is nothing wrong with those "requirements", except that, before asking for something, you have to allow, or to accept, new ideas.

Today, people do not like it too much when they hear their dear Quantum Mechanics Theory it is just a set of fantasist fictions. On the contrary, they label the ideas we describe in these Amazing Articles (and in our SF books) as belonging to the Science Fiction domain—makes sense, right?

Just try to imagine that the Quantum Mechanics Theories may prove to be pure mechanical Science Fiction tomorrow, while the ideas we present here are going to become sharp reality one shiny day. That is not a bad thing because our efforts are particularly focused on scientific development, while QMT is holding us back conservatively to a primitive mechanical model of reality.


To come back on track, the problem is, we have this thorny and embarrassing VMS: it exists, and it is here. How? Why? Well, you should better see for yourself. The best thing is to navigate first to http://www.voynich.nu/ There you are going to find many details and lots of links to other sites. Next, the VMS is held at:

Beinecke Rare Books and Manuscripts Library of Yale University in USA (MS408). [http://beinecke.library.yale.edu/digitallibrary/voynich.html ]

 


ATTENTION

GREEN LEAF LThe link above appears to be broken in 2011. Therefore, the best thing to do is, navigate to Yale University, then to "Beinecke Rare Books and Manuscripts Library", then search for "Voynich Manuscript".

Alternatively, you could perform a general search on Google, though remember that the best place to download the file is from Yale Library—they are the rightful custodian of the manuscript. Note that in 2015 it took a long while to download the manuscript from Yale-Beinecke; it was about 124MB.
 

 


FRAGMENT FROM VMSNOTE ADDED IN FEBRUARY 2015

At COROLLARY THEOREMS / COMPLEMENT CONTROL we sell "Logically Structured English Grammar 4" [LSEG4], and we stress that our book is a grammar template for any language in the Universe. We have no doubts that LSEG4 works perfectly fine for the language used in Voynich manuscript, except that language needs to be deciphered first. Anyway, since we worked a little with languages, and with their grammars, we feel that it is our obligation to share a few observations about VMS. Who knows, it could help.

Truth is, we never had the proper time (nor "the inner drive") to analyze VMS in details, therefore what we present here is more like "personal feelings". Now, it appears to us that VMS is a sorcery and/or an astrology manual, and that falls far away from our pure Mathematics/Physics pursuit and interest.

Anyway, the first thing about the VMS language is the fact that it seems to be a very old language/culture (similar to the old Chinese ideograms) which has clashed dramatically overnight with a much superior language/culture (similar to a modern European one).

As a result, the initial ideograms have been quickly translated/transformed into vowel + consonants symbols, though the words are still formed from syllables that are grouped together to form the words, as in the previous ideogram symbols. We strongly suspect that we deal there with "a syllable driven language".

Note that there are no punctuation marks in VMS, which demonstrates an initial primitive language. However, a new paragraph/sentence is marked by extra empty space, and even by extra symbols (stars, flowers, in other pages). The end of the paragraph/sentence is "floating"—it is not marked, though it may be clearly identified.

This is a cursive modern writing flowing from right to left (resulting, possibly, from the mentioned clash with a much superior language). Particularly interesting appear to be the associations of 2/3 grouped symbols.

FRAGMENT FROM VMSOur recommendation in deciphering VMS is first a "Syntactic Analysis" (this is a functional analysis), followed by a "Morphologic Analysis" (based on the form of the words) in an iterative process. In order to perform a syntactic analysis, we strongly recommend our book LSEG4, since it presents the most advanced syntactic analysis to date. In addition, Morphology also is presented in LSEG4 way more clear and logic than in any other book in the World to date (in 2015).

All the words in VMS need to be digitized, exactly as they are grouped in paragraphs, complex sentences, and sentences. [We suspect this is already achieved.] Next, the following two grammatical analyses should take into account the "common words" form various paragraphs/pages, as it is explained further down.

A. Syntactic Analysis

Syntactic analysis takes into consideration the functionality of syntactical elements. There are only 5 syntactic elements, and each one has a specific syntactic functionality (as it is described in LSEG4).

A1. Identifying the Copulative Predicates "to be/exist"
The most common predicate in all VMS paragraphs is the copulative "is"/"are". However, it is advisable to consider only those paragraphs that are accompanied by graphic pictures. This last aspect allows for identifying the following possible syntactical constructions:

A1.1 subject + predicate + attribute/(subject complement)
       (the flower + is + red/white/small/etc.)
A1.2 subject + attribute/(subject complement) + predicate
       (the flower + red/white/small/etc.+ is)
A1.3 predicate + subject + attribute/(subject complement)
       (is + the flower + red/white/small/etc.)

A2. Identifying Color Attributes
Attributes qualify subjects, objects, and adverbials. One net advantage are the pictures in VMS. Therefore color attributes (red, green, white, brown, blue) may stand out in various paragraphs.

A3. Identifying a few Subject/Object Nouns
Subjects and objects are nouns. Therefore, based on the pictures, some subjects/objects could become obvious: "plant", "flower", "stem", "root", "tubercle", etc. plus "woman"/"feminine", "man"/"masculine", "star", "month" etc.

A4. Identifying more Attributes and Adverbials
Attributes are used to qualify/determine nouns (as subjects, objects, and adverbials). Once syntactical nature of one word is clear (of subject/object) then it may be accompanied by attributes. The most obvious attributes are "small"/"big", "hot"/"cold", "beautiful", "good"/"bad" and alike.
Adverbials describe the circumstances of predicate's action. Therefore some obvious adverbials ["here"/"there", "now"/"then"/"after", "slow"/"fast"/"hard", "again", "often", "too", "only"] should accompany predicates.

A5. Syntactic Analysis should be Performed in an Iterative Process
This means, it is not mandatory that all syntactic elements/words are identified the first time. Many adverbials, attributes, subjects, objects, and predicates should remain unidentified. We need to work only with those syntactic elements that we can be over 50% certain that they represent copulative predicates, subjects, and attributes. However, after performing the following Morphologic Analysis, we should return to Syntactic Analysis, as in an iterative process.

B. morphologic analysis

B1. Identifying Plural Forms
Nouns (as subjects/objects) have singular and plural forms. However, since the VMS language is a primitive one, we strongly suspect that adjectives-attributes do not take the plural suffixes/prefixes (only nouns take the plural form). As a result, the A1.x forms presented above may be clearly differentiated into nouns-subjects and attributes-adjectives.

B2. Identifying Articles
Articles determine only nouns, and we suspect they are embedded into the noun root-word. The way to identify them is, the first time the noun-word appears without an article; however, subsequent apparitions of the noun-word may contain articles as suffixes/prefixes added to the noun root-word.

B3. Identifying Conjunctions
All conjunctions should be considered copulative/cumulative in a first approximation—as is conjunction "and". Conjunctions should be small independent words of 1/2/3 characters, though they could be implicit in some sentences.

B4. Identifying Numerals
In astrological pages, word-numerals could be identified as accompanying noun-words. Particularly important is the association of numerals and the plural form of the nouns, although they may also exclude each other

B5. Identifying Prepositions
Most likely, prepositions are embedded into the verb (as in "verbs with prepositions"). However, once a preposition is identified, then the preposition allows for other verb-root forms to become obvious. [Verb's tenses should be considered very simple in VMS.]

B6. Morphologic Analysis should be Performed Iteratively
Again, Morphologic Analysis should not be enforced for too much, the first time. Only those observations that are pertinent (of over 50% occurrences) should be considered. Next, the process should start again with a new Syntactic Analysis.

GREEN LEAF LIn order to decipher the VMS language, we believe it is mandatory to consult with Chinese, Korean, and Japanese linguists. Their expertise in the old (Chinese) ideograms should clear many strange structural aspects. However, we have to emphasize again that it is also mandatory to work with the morphologic/syntactic principles outlined in "Logically Structured English Grammar 4". No other book in the World today is sufficiently logic and complete to replace LSEG4—regardless of the language.
 


Voynich 4
Now, to end this article appropriately, please be aware that there are thousands other "evidences", exactly as VMS is, and some of them are even way more incredible!

Unfortunately, most of those exceptional documents, or artifacts, are private property, because there is a true gold-rush to get them—actually, the greatest one that ever existed! They are out of our Human Civilization patrimony, for now, though it is possible they will be returned to the public domain some glorious day. We can only hope that event is going to be rather sooner than later.

The conclusion we have outlined above, about alien people living right here on Ter-Ra since old times, is not based entirely on VMS. It would be childish to found our beliefs on a single document, even if that document is exceptional in informational value, as VMS is.

The truth is, we have built over the years an entire system of arguments and contra-arguments, incredibly complex and instituted on thousands of facts, evidences and interpretations, and all of them point to that conclusion only.
 

Today, an "alien presence" on our Planet is way beyond liking it or not, believing in it or not, or belonging to a rebellious partisan intellectual position: it is just here! However, please be aware there are other "things" near us, far more important and extraordinary than any alien presence. Want to discover them? Best thing, start with our SF books.

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First published on November 20, 2005
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